Hyperpigmentation on black skin: causes and treatmentsErasmienne Tambou
Are you looking for a way to remove black spots on your skin? You are not alone. Also called brown spots or hyperpigmentation spots, black spots are one of the main beauty concerns of black, matte and mixed skin women.
They can appear on the face and on the body. What are the causes of these spots? How can they be safely removed? We tell you everything in this article.
What is hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is the darkening of an area of skin caused by excess production of melanin.
What causes hyperpigmentation on black skin?
Black, matte and mixed skins have a high concentration of melanin which allows them to age better and slower than Caucasian skins. However, this high melanin concentration also makes them very sensitive to external aggressions.
In case of aggression, black skin reacts by an overproduction of melanin (hyperpigmentation), leading to the appearance of black and brown spots. You must therefore take this specificity into account in your skin care routine.
Various factors can cause pigmentation spots:
- Inflammation: acne, pimples, sores, burns, eczema, etc. This is called post inflammatory hyperpigmentation;
- Prolonged and repeated exposure to the sun without appropriate sunscreen;
- An injury, wound or burn;
- A hormonal disorder, as during pregnancy. This is called a melasma or pregnancy mask;
- Aging, in this case it is called age spots or lentigo;
- Shaving: in black men, shaving sometimes causes pimples and ingrown hairs that darken the lower part of the face.
How to manage hyperpigmentation spots?
The earlier the pigmentation spots are managed, the greater the chances of making them disappear completely. If your black spots are due to acne for example, the cause must first be addressed.
Once you treat acne, you must then set up a routine to specifically treat the spots. Pay close attention to the choice of your hyperpigmentation products. Avoid bleaching products.
How do you get rid of hyperpigmentation on black skin?
It is possible to reduce or eliminate pigmentation spots on dark skin. In fact, there are several products available to treat spots. Some contain potentially harmful ingredients such as hydroquinone and cortisone. In addition, they whiten your skin.
But there are also healthy products that remove your black spots while preserving the health of your skin and your complexion. Here’s a routine you can adopt to get rid of hyperpigmentation on black skin safely and effectively.
1. Deeply cleanse your skin
Morning and evening, gently cleanse your face to get rid of impurities and greasy substances from your skin and to promote cell renewal. If you have sensitive or dry skin, we recommend Inoya micellar water. For combination to oily skin, use the purifying cleansing foam instead.
2. Use a spot corrector
After cleansing your skin, apply a correcting serum to the spots. With Inoya correcting serum, you will see results after 28 days of use for recent spots (less than 3 years old). For older stains, carry out the treatment for 2 to 3 months for optimal effectiveness.
3. Moisturize or matify according to your skin type
In temperate climates, black and matte skins suffer from dehydration. They are destabilized and try to adapt. Dark skins also produce more sebum than others. It is therefore necessary to moisturize them without greasing them.
Choose your skin care product according to your skin type (dry, normal, combination, oily). We recommend Inoya unifying matifying cream if you have a combination to oily skin or Inoya unifying moisturizing cream if you have dry skin. This treatment smoothes the skin texture, evens and naturally illuminates your complexion.
If your spots persist, it is recommended to consult a dermatologist. Choose one who specializes in black skin.
If you opt for institute care to treat your pigmentation spots, be aware that not all of them are suitable for black skin. Always ask a doctor for advice before you start.
How long does it take for hyperpigmentation to fade?
The length of treatment for hyperpigmentation varies from person to person. Several factors also come into play: the extent of the spots, how long they have been present, their severity, your treatment. But generally speaking, the treatment of hyperpigmentation takes several months.
It is therefore necessary to arm yourself with patience and be persevering in your routine. With Inoya products, you will get an improvement in your hyperpigmentation from 28 days of treatment.
How to avoid pigmentation spots on the skin?
There are simple steps you can take to prevent the appearance of pigmentation spots on your skin.
1. Avoid touching your pimples
Although it may be tempting to touch your pimples, you must absolutely avoid it, as it could cause superinfection of the lesions and lead to the appearance of black spots.
2. Use sunscreen
Contrary to popular belief, dark skin also needs sun protection. For optimal protection, use a sunscreen with SPF 50 before exposure to the sun.
3. Avoid bleaching products
Bleaching products aggress, weaken and unbalance the skin. They also cause the appearance of spots besides being potentially dangerous to your health.
4. Space out your shave
It is recommended that men space out their shaves and moisturize their skin daily with adapted products. Our products are suitable for both men and women.
Will hyperpigmentation go away?
Hyperpigmentation spots may fade over time on its own or with treatment, but if the original spots were deep, it may be permanent.
Why hyperpigmentation occurs?
Hyperpigmentation is caused by an excess production of melanin.
What triggers hyperpigmentation?
Several factors can trigger an increase in melanin production: sun exposure without protection, hormonal influences, age, and skin injuries or inflammation. People with darker skin tones are more likely to develop hyperpigmentation.
Where does hyperpigmentation occur?
Hyperpigmentation can appear on any area of the body, but they appear most commonly on the face.
Will hyperpigmentation fade on its own?
Hyperpigmentation can go away on its own, dependent on the cause, but it may take a long time to fade. Some cases may be permanent.
Will hyperpigmentation from acne go away?
Hyperpigmentation acne occurs when a dark spot appears in place of a pimple that has disappeared. Hyperpigmentation acne may fade over time, but if the original spots were deep, it may be permanent.
Hyperpigmentation acne how long to fade?
If you are treating hyperpigmentation acne, you should be aware that fading can take time. Some spots may fade without treatment, but this can take 6–12 months. Hyperpigmentation acne that is deep in the dermis can be more difficult to treat and possibly even permanent.
Who does hyperpigmentation affect?
Although hyperpigmentation can affect people of all skin types, people with darker skin tones are more likely to develop hyperpigmentation. Darker skin type is more prone to pigmentation changes.
Ultimately, hyperpigmentation on black skin can have several causes. There are specific treatments for black, matte and mixed skin to remove these pigmentary spots. For optimal treatment, you should treat them as soon as possible.
It is important to choose products adapted to your skin type. Pay particular attention to the ingredients. Choose products made with healthy ingredients that respect your skin. This is the assurance of a beautiful and healthy skin.